Merry Unbirthday, to you all!
Happy Unbirthday dear Tumblr nation
Jeremy Knowles, discussing the complete lack of recognition Cecilia Payne gets, even today, for her revolutionary discovery. (via alliterate)
OH WAIT LEMME TELL YOU ABOUT CECILIA PAYNE.
Cecilia Payne’s mother refused to spend money on her college education, so she won a scholarship to Cambridge.
Cecilia Payne completed her studies, but Cambridge wouldn’t give her a degree because she was a woman, so she said fuck that and moved to the United States to work at Harvard.
Cecilia Payne was the first person ever to earn a Ph.D. in astronomy from Radcliffe College, with what Otto Strauve called “the most brilliant Ph.D. thesis ever written in astronomy.”
Not only did Cecilia Payne discover what the universe is made of, she also discovered what the sun is made of (Henry Norris Russell, a fellow astronomer, is usually given credit for discovering that the sun’s composition is different from the Earth’s, but he came to his conclusions four years later than Payne—after telling her not to publish).
Cecilia Payne is the reason we know basically anything about variable stars (stars whose brightness as seen from earth fluctuates). Literally every other study on variable stars is based on her work.
Cecilia Payne was the first woman to be promoted to full professor from within Harvard, and is often credited with breaking the glass ceiling for women in the Harvard science department and in astronomy, as well as inspiring entire generations of women to take up science.
Cecilia Payne is awesome and everyone should know her.
always reblog because you know women
Well, a character in a novel saying that something is a metaphor is not the same thing as the author of the novel saying that it’s a metaphor. Gus’s intellectual grasp often exceeds his reach (he calls a monologue a soliloquy, and misuses quite a few of the bigger words in his vocabulary). But I do think the cigarette is a metaphor, albeit a different one for us than it is for him.
Gus’s idea is that the cigarette is a metaphor for illness, and he keeps it unlit and in his mouth as an expression of his power over illness. “You put the killing thing between your teeth but you don’t give it the power to do its killing.” Gus’s thinking here is that HE has the power. This is why he tends to use the cigarette when he’s feeling nervous or powerless. (He’s also using the most famous commercially available carcinogen to make this statement, so obviously there’s a connection there in his mind: Humans can prevent cancer by not smoking; cancer is something we can have power over; your job is not to give cancer the power to kill you; etc.)
But of course Gus is wrong about all of this, or at least almost all of it. You may have SOME control over whether you die of cancer (you can choose not to smoke), but in most cases humans don’t have control over illness. “You don’t give it the power to do its killing” imagines more agency over illness than we actually have, because in the end much of the fault is in the stars, not in ourselves. So to us, the unlit cigarette is a metaphor for our false perception of control, and our urgent need to feel in control. It’s no coincidence, then, that when Gus’s life is spiraling out of control and he finds himself powerless before fate, he tries (and fails) to buy cigarettes.
Day Sixty Eight: Reunited with this girl and the rest of the family! Can’t wait to start our adventures properly after a good nights sleep! #100happydays #disneysummer #sisters #family
Day Sixty Seven: Got to watch these amazing fireworks again on my break tonight. And it’s only one more sleep until my family get here! I am one exhausted but happy girl! #100happydays #disneyworld #disneysummer #fourthofjuly #fireworks
Day Sixty Seven: Got to watch these amazing fireworks again today on my break. And it’s only one more sleep until my family are here! I am one happy and exhausted girl! #100happydays #fourthofjuly #fireworks #disneysummer #disneyworld
Day Sixty Six: Had the most wonderful of days off ever! Adventures in Magic Kingdom followed by the amazing Fourth of July fireworks! Such a fabulous day and I can’t wait for more to come! #100happydays #disneysummer #disneyworld #fireworks #fourthofjuly #magickingdom
Day Sixty Five: So many wonderful things today! Went to Animal Kingdom, followed by my last shift of six days straight, and to top it all off, one of my fellow cast members gave me my very own bottle of pixie dust! #100happydays #disneysummer #animalkingdom #festivalofthelionking #pixiedust
WDay Sixty Four: I go a certificate of achievement today at work for having the best hour at Pan last week! What a great way to start a shift! :D #100happydays #disneysummer
Day Sixty Three: Called home today only to hear this little ball of fluff crying in the background. Apparently speakerphone calls are confusing for dogs! #100happydays #orshemayhavejustbeenhungry #disneysummer #home